Over the years, the excessive use of drugs and the trade of drugs has been an immense challenge in Nigeria and the world at large. This is as a result that some persons perceive illegal dealing of drug as a decent business to engage in. On March 30 a Nigerian was cult with drugs in an airport in USA. It is pertinent to note that drug abuse can also be known as substance abuse. Also on the 7th of December 1987, the General Assembly decided to observe 26 June as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking as an expression of its determination to strengthen action and cooperation to achieve the goal of an international society free of drug abuse. This resolution recommended further action with regard to the report and conclusions of the 1987 International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.
Nigeria joined other countries of the world to observe this year’s day on drug abuse and Illicit Trafficking.
Global Action for Healthy Communities without Drugs is the theme of this year’s world drug campaign which Nigeria also join the world in celebrating. We can all play a role in promoting good health in Nigeria and the world at large. And in Nigeria, so many persons like the former director of National Agency for Food Drug administration Control NAFDAC Mrs. Dora Akunyele has been fighting very hard to ensure a drug abuse free society.
This anniversaries stimulate the reflection on the effectiveness and the limitations, of drug policy. The review resulted in the reaffirmation that illicit drugs continue to pose a health danger to humanity. That is why drug are controlled and should remain controlled. With this sanction in mind, people will desist from the illegal trade and use of drug.
The General Assembly recognized that despite continued and increased efforts by the international community, the world drug problem continues to constitute a serious threat to public health. The safety and wellbeing of humanity, especially the young people is under threat due to high drug usage. This scourge has also threaten our national security and sovereignty undermining socio-economic and political stability and sustainable development. It encouraged the Commission and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime UNODC to continue their work on international drug control and urged all Governments to provide the fullest possible financial and political support to enable UNODC to continue, expand, strengthen its operational and technical cooperation activities, within its mandates.
Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a dysfunctional use of a substance or drug, in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods not condoned by medical professionals. Substance abuse/drug abuse is not limited to mood or altering or psycho-active drugs. Activities are also considered substance abuse when it is not properly used (as in steroids for performance enhancement in sports. Therefore, mood-altering and psychoactive substances are not the only drugs abuse. Drug abuse has made some persons disabled for live. Furthermore, use of these drugs may lead to criminal penalty in addition to possible physical, social, and psychological harm.
Substance abuse is prevalent with an estimated 50 million users of hard drugs such as cocaine, heroin and other synthetic drugs. The rate of prescription drug abuse is fast overtaking illegal drug abuse in the world. According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse, 7 million people were taking prescription drugs for nonmedical use in 2010.
Legal drugs are not necessarily better, a study in 2010 has revealed that drug harm caused by experts is ranked high compared to various illegal drugs. Alcohol was found to be the most dangerous by far, depending on the actual compound. Drug abuse including alcohol may lead to health problems, social problems, morbidity, injuries, unprotected sex, violence, deaths, motor vehicle accident, suicides, physical disability or mental disorder.
There is a high rate of suicide caused by alcoholic and other drug abuses. The reasons for the cause of increased risk of suicide include the long-time abuse of alcohol and other drugs causing physiological distortion of brain chemistry as well as the social isolation. Another factor is the acute intoxicating effects of the drugs may make suicide more likely to occur. Suicide is also very common in alcohol abuses, with one in four suicides cases is related to alcohol abuse.
30 per cent of drug abuse, including alcohol and prescription drugs can induce symptomatology which resembles mental illness. This can occur both in the intoxicated state and also during the withdrawal state. In some cases these substance induced psychiatric disorders can persist long after detoxification, such as prolonged psychosis or depression after amphetamine or cocaine abuse. A protracted withdrawal syndrome can also occur with symptoms persisting for months after cessation of use. Severe anxiety and depression are commonly induced by sustained alcohol abuse which in most cases abates with prolonged abstinence. Even moderate alcohol sustained use may increase anxiety and depression levels in some individuals.