THE Nigerian educational system stared slow but soundly developing during the colonial time until the conclusion, so to speak.
The Christian Missionaries introduced the Western education in Nigerian in the mid 19th century.
The educational system is divided into primary education secondary education and tertiary education. The system started with 6-5-4 and changed to the 6-3-3-4 and now 9-3-4 corruption is all in these three (3) educational system. Corruption in education is particularly damaging the system because it endangers a country’s social economic and political future.
Corruption is the social problem that has interested many scholars. Ruzindana (1999) assets that corruption in Africa is a problem of routine decorator from established standards and norms by public officials and parties with whom they interact.
Corruption in education can take many forms, bribes paid by parents to teachers to ensure good grades in examination result, bribes paid by teachers to public officials to get preferred posting and promotion embezzlement of found allocated to purchase teaching materials or to build schools. Corruption in the education sector can also mean the by passing of criteria in the approval of school establishment and accreditation cronyism and nepotism in procurement and teaches appointment, resulting in “ghost teachers” or the selling of information on exams.
Furthermore corruption practices by parents of students, parents are known to influence their children or wards admission to both private and tertiary schools especially during the entering into the higher institution, curbing corruption in an educational system requires a similar approach to tackling corruption in other social sectors, governments should endeavour to increase accountability in educational systems and within the civil service needs, clear recruitment and career-development rules that are based on merit, with simple and clear line of responsibility capacities must be built within institutions so for officials to reply existing regulations. Teachers and civil servants must be adequately paid.
Corruption in education is more detrimental than corruption in other sectors because of its long term effects, corruption threatens equal access, quantity and quality of education its consequences are particularly harsh for the poor who without access to education or with no alternative but low-quality education have little chances to escape a life of poverty. Corruption is incompatible with one of the major arms of education producing citizens that respect the law and human rights
If children come to believe that personal effort and merit do not count and that success came through manipulation favourtism and bribery then the every foundation of society are shaken.
Corrupt practices by lecturers reducing marks student and collecting money from them divestion of funds meant for the educational sectors by the ministry of educations example, money meant for the library etc the causes of this corruption sometimes is poverty ignorances, lack of implementation of government policies (nobody is abiding by the law).
Effects of this is that people outside Nigerian see the Nigeria educational sector very poor and it’s rated very low. That’s why most rich people take their kids overseas to study. For instance, if two people go for a job interview the one with the foreign certificate will be taken because of their strong educational system.
Clear sanctions for bribery must contest with conflict of interest rules and codes of conduct. The administration’s political independence and it’s political commitment against corruption at the highest level are also critical.
Another key determinant for successful battling of corruption in educational system is access to information for example on resource allocation to schools, and effective complaint mechanisms for students and parents.
The government should endeavour to make sure the primary and secondary teachers have the appropriate certificate to teach. Teachers and lecturers taking bribe should be punished.
The agencies established to curb corruption in the country should discharge its duties efficiently and effectively.